The year 2007 has gone down in history as the year, when for the first time half of humanity was living in towns and cities. In just a generation to come, this figure will rise to two-thirds of all human beings as the world witnesses the fastest rate of urbanisation yet recorded. Coincidentally, 2007 was also the year in which the global number of slum dwellers reached 1 billion. How will we cope with urban centres growing in size and growing in poverty? How will we cope with what has come to be called in United Nations parlance, the urbanisation of poverty? Sub-Sahara Africa has the world’s fastest growing cities and slums. Its slum population today tops 200 million. It is a continent where over 70 percent of urban Africans live in slums. So how will Africa’s youth develop as leaders when faced with the highest rates of unemployment and the highest levels of social exclusion?